Content Curated By Darin R. McClure & a few photos

May 23, 2012, 6:54 am
Filed under: Uncategorized

“NEW ORLEANS COUNTRY BLUES”: Great non-comped collection of New Orleans Blues!

This is the French Jean Baptiste Le Moyne sieur de Benville who founded the New Orleans in 1718, a simple fort at the mouth of the Mississippi River giant. The original city – which represents the walls of the old square or French Quarter – was inspired plan of La Rochelle. Place d’armes (called Jackson Square since 1849) is the heart of the city. Long, the development of New Orleans is compromised by its close position of unhealthy swamp areas. It must in fact until the second part of the 18th century that the city really takes momentum and gradually become a major Harbour centre and business, led by a French local aristocracy self-proclaimed as such which lavish and ostentatious life train try to imitate that of Versailles. New Orleans also has many political vicissitudes: it passes to the Spain in 1762, is equivalent to the France, and is finally transferred (with all of Louisiana) in the United States in 1803. Despite a great bitterness of residents French to have been so “Giveaway”, their hatred of the English makes cooperate fully with American General Andrew Jackson troops and volunteers (including Davy Crockett) during the second war of independence. In 1812, the battle of New Orleans is a heavy English defeat in which the “French”. as the Corsair Jean Laffitte, has contributed. Now part of the U.S.A., Louisiana saw coming many American settlers of English, followed by waves of Irish and German immigrants. The new “American” neighbourhoods developed West of Canal Street which marked the boundaries of the original city. In 1860, New Orleans is the principal city of the United States South with 170 000 inhabitants and the second commercial port of the young nation. Black slaves of the French era were very numerous and came essentially from the Caribbean. The growth of the port brings an additional influx of blacks who mainly work as domestic servants or dockers. In civil war, because of its strategic importance, New Orleans is occupied by federal troops in 1862, which he can avoid the destruction of many other southern cities. But it is from this point that the aristocracy, now Franco-American folds on its traditions and customs, and opposed a fierce refusal to evolve. This explains the fierce segregation in a city whose race relations were until then rather released. The end of the XIX century is dark in New Orleans, ravaged by numerous epidemics of cholera and yellow fever and in Cup settled by the mafia Sicilian who was able to take foot and organize with a strong Italian immigration. The mafia gangrene all the economic, political and judicial system giving the city the reputation warranted to be the most corrupt city of United States. In fact, it will take until the second World War New Orleans begins to develop: discovery and exploitation of oil, remediation of swamps, dams, expansion, installation of high-tech (military and space) industries, tourism which operates the strong traditions of the city, especially its music. The end of segregation in 1965 wreaks havoc in a few years the gives policy. The city, until then very conservative and dominated by white, becomes predominantly progressive with a majority of black citizens. In 1978, Ernest “Dutch” Morial is the first black elected Mayor of New Orleans. Unfortunately, the disaster of a major hurricane Katrina destroyed the city without however begin its vitality, especially music that today again can check around in the cabarets and the streets of this great cited, certainly the most atypical city of the United States. Well known for its very rich and influential R & B, New Orleans is in however not housed a significant scene more “roots”, powered by many immigrants from neighbouring States, the Louisiana including No. of course as well as the Mississippi, Arkansas, Texas, the Alabama… In addition to these permanent residents who practiced their areas of origin blues, New Orleans – a very large American port turned to the Caribbean – always allowed amount of casual visitors for business, fun, of passage… The anthology I propose you brings together some of the names who, during the 1960s and 1970s, provided real visibility to this Country néo-orléanais blues. Boogie Bill Webb (1924-1990) has long been a popular figure in the French Quarter and recorded as early as 1953 Imperial for four titles very down home that decided on the rest of the production of this label. John “Harmonica” Williams (1921-2011), he also but in a more orchestral context, hosted some not very well repute cabaret nights. For many years (until 1989, in fact), the guitarist was Little Freddie King (1940) which has, since then, acquired a well-deserved reputation and which is proposed the first two registered titles. Newton Greer was the owner of a club, no., Crystal, and a blues singer who was often the beef with local groups, as is the case in this version very low Born Dead down, a blues of J.B. Lenoir. Lemoine Nash (1898-1969), son of a slave, was a veteran of many string bands of the city. For this beautiful New Orleans blues, he is accompanied by harmonica player Lazy Lester. Finally, Arzo Youngblood was born singer-guitarist of the Mississippi, which has well known Tommy Johnson that it was indeed related and that the channel on Bourbon Street, playing his strand of blues for several decades. His house was a privileged place where were all bluesmen “downhome” of New Orleans. His son Louis “Arzo” Youngblood who lives in Jackson in Mississippi continues with happiness the musical tradition of the family. (translated from French) – Gerard Herzhaft
Compiled by Gerard Herzhaft from his collection. Read more about this collection here & see the books for purchase:

1. Cuttin’ out baby – Boogie Bill Webb 2. Red cross store – Boogie Bill Webb 3. Come for a ride – Boogie Bill Webb 4. Baby don’t you know – Harmonica Williams 5. Juke Boy – Harmonica Williams 6. Declaration day – Harmonica Williams 7. Williams special – Harmonica Williams 8. Highway 82 – Harmonica Williams 9. Williams’ goodbye – Harmonica Williams 10. Born dead – Newton Greer 11. Sideaways – Little Freddy King 12. The King Special – Little Freddy King 13. New Orleans blues – Lemone Nash 14. I can’t be successful – Arzo Youngblood 15. Bye bye blues – Arzo Youngblood 16. Swing swing – Arzo Youngblood
…served by Gyro1966…


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